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Campanula versicolor - Andrews.                
                 
Common Name
Family Campanulaceae
Synonyms
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Rocky places[50] in the lower wood region[221].
Range Europe - Greece.
Edibility Rating  
Medicinal Rating  
Care
Frost Hardy Well drained soil Moist Soil Full sun

Summary       

Physical Characteristics       
 icon of manicon of flower
Campanula versicolor is a PERENNIAL growing to 1.2 m (4ft) by 0.5 m (1ft 8in).
It is hardy to zone (UK) 8 and is not frost tender. It is in flower from Jul to September, and the seeds ripen from Aug to October. The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Bees, flies, beetles, lepidoptera, self.The plant is self-fertile.


USDA hardiness zone : 7-10


Suitable for: light (sandy) and medium (loamy) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It cannot grow in the shade. It prefers dry or moist soil.

Campanula versicolor


(c) 2010 Ken Fern & Plants For A Future
Campanula versicolor
   
Habitats       
 Cultivated Beds; South Wall. By. West Wall. By.
Edible Uses                                         
Edible Parts: Flowers;  Leaves.
Edible Uses:

Leaves - raw or cooked[46, 61, 105]. Rich in vitamin C. A delicious mild flavour with a slight sweetness that reminds people of freshly-picked garden peas, they can be added in quantity to salads and are usually available in winter[K]. They are liked by most people who try them[K]. Flowers - raw. Very pleasant with a slight sweetness, they make a tasty and decorative addition to salads[K].
Medicinal Uses
Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.



None known
Other Uses
None known
Cultivation details                                         
Succeeds in most fertile well-drained soils[233], though it prefers a sunny position in a moist but well-drained rich sandy loam and a neutral or alkaline soil[1, 200]. Strongly resents winter wet[1]. This species is not hardy in the colder areas of the country, it tolerates temperatures down to between -5 and -10°c[200]. Plants may require protection in severe winters[1], though they have proved reliable in Cornwall[K]. This species provides some of the nicest salad leaves that we have tried to date, it has an excellent potential as an edible ornamental in the garden, though it is not really suitable for commercial cultivation[K]. The plants have a basal rosette in winter and continue to grow slowly in all but the coldest weather, providing edible leaves most winters[K]. The species in this genus do not often hybridize and so seed can generally be relied upon to come true[221]. The plants are self-fertile[221]. A very ornamental plant[1]. It is closely related to C. pyramidalis, but is more reliably perennial[221]. Members of this genus are rarely if ever troubled by browsing deer[233].
                                                                                 
Propagation                                         
Seed - surface sow spring in a cold frame. The seed usually germinates in 2 - 4 weeks at 18°c[138]. When they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and plant them out into their permanent positions in the summer. Basal cuttings in spring[200]. Once they are a few years old, plants produce a number of rosettes and these can be carefully removed in the spring and used as cuttings[221]. Harvest the shoots when they are about 10 - 15cm long with plenty of underground stem. Pot them up into individual pots and keep them in light shade in a cold frame or greenhouse until they are rooting well. Plant them out in the summer. Root cuttings are said to work[221]. The plant has a thick fleshy root with a number of crowns. Whilst this can be divided if great care is taken not to damage the root, it is not really recommended because the divisions take a long time to become established[221].
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Expert comment                                         
 
      
Author                                         
Andrews.
                                                                                 
Botanical References                                         
50200
                                                                                 
Links / References                                         

  [K] Ken Fern Notes from observations, tasting etc at Plants For A Future and on field trips.

[1]F. Chittendon. RHS Dictionary of Plants plus Supplement. 1956
Comprehensive listing of species and how to grow them. Somewhat outdated, it has been replaces in 1992 by a new dictionary (see [200]).
[46]Uphof. J. C. Th. Dictionary of Economic Plants.
An excellent and very comprehensive guide but it only gives very short descriptions of the uses without any details of how to utilize the plants. Not for the casual reader.
[50]? Flora Europaea
An immense work in 6 volumes (including the index). The standard reference flora for europe, it is very terse though and with very little extra information. Not for the casual reader.
[61]Usher. G. A Dictionary of Plants Used by Man.
Forget the sexist title, this is one of the best books on the subject. Lists a very extensive range of useful plants from around the world with very brief details of the uses. Not for the casual reader.
[105]Tanaka. T. Tanaka's Cyclopaedia of Edible Plants of the World.
The most comprehensive guide to edible plants I've come across. Only the briefest entry for each species, though, and some of the entries are more than a little dubious. Not for the casual reader.
[138]Bird. R. (Editor) Growing from Seed. Volume 3.
Very readable magazine with lots of information on propagation.
[200]Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
[221]Crook. H. Clifford. Campanulas - their cultivation and classification.
The most comprehensive treatment of the genus yet written (2002).
[233]Thomas. G. S. Perennial Garden Plants
A concise guide to a wide range of perennials. Lots of cultivation guides, very little on plant uses.

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