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Acer ginnala - Maxim.                
                 
Common Name Amur Maple
Family Aceraceae
Synonyms A. tataricum ginnala.
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Found in many habitats in Korea, especially along streamsides and swampy places[151]. Forests at elevations of 100 - 800 metres in China[266].
Range E. Asia - China, Japan, Manchuria.
Edibility Rating  
Medicinal Rating  
Care
Moist Soil Semi-shade Full sun

Summary       

Physical Characteristics       
 icon of manicon of lolypop
Acer ginnala is a deciduous Tree growing to 10 m (32ft) by 8 m (26ft) at a fast rate. It is in flower in May, and the seeds ripen from Sep to October. The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs)

USDA hardiness zone : Coming soon


Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and can grow in heavy clay soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist soil.

Acer ginnala Amur Maple


Acer ginnala Amur Maple
   
Habitats       
Woodland Garden Canopy; Secondary;
Edible Uses                                         
Edible Parts:
Edible Uses: Tea.

The young leaves are used as a tea substitute[177, 183].
Medicinal Uses
Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.



None known
Other Uses
Dye;  Preservative;  Tannin.

The leaves are packed around apples, rootcrops etc to help preserve them[18, 20]. Black, blue and brown dyes are obtained from the dried leaves[151]. The leaves contain the dyestuff quercetin[223]. They also contain about 30% tannin[223].
Cultivation details                                         
Of easy cultivation, it prefers a good moist well-drained soil on the acid side[11, 182]. Prefers a sunny position but tolerates some shade[11, 200]. Grows well in heavy clay soils. Chlorosis can sometimes develop as a result of iron deficiency when the plants are grown in alkaline soils, but in general maples are not fussy as to soil pH. A very ornamental tree[1], there are some named varieties[11]. The form 'Bailey Compact' is a compact form originating in N. America. Very closely related to and possibly only a ssp. of A. tataricum[11]. The dried leaves are exported to China in large quantities for their use as a dye[151]. Most maples are bad companion plants, inhibiting the growth of nearby plants[18, 20].
                                                                                 
Propagation                                         
Seed of garden origin rarely comes true to type. The seed is best sown as soon as it is ripe in a cold frame, it usually germinates in the following spring. Pre-soak stored seed for 24 hours and then stratify for 2 - 4 months at 1 - 8°c. It can be slow to germinate. The seed can be harvested 'green' (when it has fully developed but before it has dried and produced any germination inhibitors) and sown immediately. It should germinate in late winter. If the seed is harvested too soon it will produce very weak plants or no plants at all[80, 113]. When large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on until they are 20cm or more tall before planting them out in their permanent positions. Layering, which takes about 12 months, is successful with most species in this genus. Cuttings of young shoots in June or July. The cuttings should have 2 - 3 pairs of leaves, plus one pair of buds at the base. Remove a very thin slice of bark at the base of the cutting, rooting is improved if a rooting hormone is used. The rooted cuttings must show new growth during the summer before being potted up otherwise they are unlikely to survive the winter. Fairly easy from cuttings.
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Expert comment                                         
 
      
Author                                         
Maxim.
                                                                                 
Botanical References                                         
11151266
                                                                                 
Links / References                                         

[1]F. Chittendon. RHS Dictionary of Plants plus Supplement. 1956
Comprehensive listing of species and how to grow them. Somewhat outdated, it has been replaces in 1992 by a new dictionary (see [200]).
[11]Bean. W. Trees and Shrubs Hardy in Great Britain. Vol 1 - 4 and Supplement.
A classic with a wealth of information on the plants, but poor on pictures.
[18]Philbrick H. and Gregg R. B. Companion Plants.
Details of beneficial and antagonistic relationships between neighbouring plants.
[20]Riotte. L. Companion Planting for Successful Gardening.
Fairly good.
[80]McMillan-Browse. P. Hardy Woody Plants from Seed.
Does not deal with many species but it is very comprehensive on those that it does cover. Not for casual reading.
[113]Dirr. M. A. and Heuser. M. W. The Reference Manual of Woody Plant Propagation.
A very detailed book on propagating trees. Not for the casual reader.
[151]Wilson. E. H. and Trollope. M. N. Corean Flora.
A very small handbook, it does give a little bit of information on Korean plants.
[177]Kunkel. G. Plants for Human Consumption.
An excellent book for the dedicated. A comprehensive listing of latin names with a brief list of edible parts.
[182]Thomas. G. S. Ornamental Shrubs, Climbers and Bamboos.
Contains a wide range of plants with a brief description, mainly of their ornamental value but also usually of cultivation details and varieties.
[183]Facciola. S. Cornucopia - A Source Book of Edible Plants.
Excellent. Contains a very wide range of conventional and unconventional food plants (including tropical) and where they can be obtained (mainly N. American nurseries but also research institutes and a lot of other nurseries from around the world.
[200]Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
[223]Rottsieper. E.H.W. Vegetable Tannins
A fairly detailed treatise on the major sources of vegetable tannins.
[266] Flora of China
On-line version of the Flora - an excellent resource giving basic info on habitat and some uses.

Readers comment                                         
 
Marilyn L.
Feb 20 2014 12:00AM
This tree is an invasive species and should not be planted. However, there are many good alternatives: American hornbeam (Carpinus caroliniana), Kentucky yellowwood (Cladrastis kentukea), Sassafrass (Sassafrass albidum), Hop hornbeam (AKA Ironwood) (Ostrya virginiana). These are all native trees, important elements of our natural ecology, and will support a variety of wildlife.
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