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Abies sibirica - Ledeb.
Common Name Siberian Fir
Family Pinaceae
USDA hardiness Coming soon
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Forms extensive forests on cool wet mountainsides in N.E. Russia[50].
Range N. Europe - Russia to E. Asia - China.
Edibility Rating  
Other Uses  
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating  
Fully Hardy Moist Soil Full shade Semi-shade Full sun


Abies sibirica Siberian Fir

Abies sibirica Siberian Fir
Physical Characteristics
 icon of manicon of cone
Abies sibirica is an evergreen Tree growing to 30 m (98ft 5in).
It is hardy to zone (UK) 1 and is not frost tender. It is in leaf 12-Jan It is in flower in May, and the seeds ripen in September. The flowers are monoecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but both sexes can be found on the same plant) and are pollinated by Wind.Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and can grow in heavy clay soil. Suitable pH: acid and neutral soils. It can grow in full shade (deep woodland) semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist soil.


Woodland Garden Canopy;
Edible Uses
None known
Medicinal Uses

Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

Antirheumatic;  Expectorant;  Stimulant.

The essential oil obtained from the leaves is antirheumatic, expectorant and stimulant[61].
Other Uses
Essential;  Wood.

An essential oil obtained from the leaves is used medicinally[61]. Wood - light, soft, not very durable. Used for construction, furniture and pulp[266].
Cultivation details
Prefers a good moist but not water-logged soil[1]. Grows well in heavy clay soils. Plants are very shade tolerant, especially when young, but growth is slower in dense shade[81]. Intolerant of atmospheric pollution[1]. Prefers slightly acid conditions down to a pH of about 5[200]. Prefers growing on a north-facing slope[200]. Cultivated for timber in N. Europe[50] but although very hardy, this species does not thrive in Britain, preferring much harsher climates[11, 200]. It tolerates temperatures down to about -50°c but in the mild winters of Britain it is often excited into premature growth and is then very susceptible to damage by late frosts[82]. Trees should be planted into their permanent positions when they are quite small, between 30 and 90cm in height. Larger trees will check badly and hardly put on any growth for several years. This also badly affects root development and wind resistance[200]. Plants are strongly outbreeding, self-fertilized seed usually grows poorly[200]. They hybridize freely with other members of this genus[200]. Most if not all trees grown under this name in Britain are in fact A. sachalinensis[185].
Seed - sow early February in a greenhouse or outdoors in March[78]. Germination is often poor, usually taking about 6 - 8 weeks[78]. Stratification is said to produce a more even germination so it is probably best to sow the seed in a cold frame as soon as it is ripe in the autumn[80, 113]. The seed remains viable for up to 5 years if it is well stored[113]. When large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on for at least their first winter in pots. Plant them out into their permanent positions in late spring or early summer, after the last expected frosts. Alternatively, if you have sufficient seed, it is possible to sow in an outdoor seedbed. One report says that it is best to grow the seedlings on in the shade at a density of about 550 plants per square metre[78] whilst another report says that they are best grown on in a sunny position[80].
Other Names
Found In
Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status
IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :
Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
Abies albaSilver Fir, Christmas Tree Fir, European Silver Fir, Silver23
Abies amabilisRed Fir,Pacific silver fir12
Abies balsameaBalsam Fir35
Abies cephalonicaGrecian Fir00
Abies concolorColorado Fir, White fir02
Abies delavayi 00
Abies firmaMomi Fir, Japanese Fir10
Abies fraseriShe Balsam, Fraser fir, Southern Balsam Fir13
Abies grandisGrand Fir, Giant Fir, Lowland White Fir22
Abies homolepisNikko Fir00
Abies lasiocarpaSubalpine Fir, Alpine Fir22
Abies magnificaCalifornian Red Fir, Shasta red fir00
Abies mariesii 00
Abies nordmannianaCaucasian Fir, Christmas Tree Fir, Nordmann00
Abies pindrowWest Himalayan Fir00
Abies proceraNoble Fir01
Abies recurvata 00
Abies religiosaSacred Fir01
Abies sachalinensisSakhalin Fir00
Abies spectabilisHimalayan Fir02
Abies squamataFlaky Fir00
Abies veitchiiVeitch Fir, Christmastree00
Abies veitchii sikokiana 00
Picea abiesNorway Spruce21
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Expert comment
Botanical References
Links / References
For a list of references used on this page please go here
Readers comment
Elizabeth H.
Luis G Lemar Fri Dec 5 20:29:08 2003

Link: Herbolaria Mexicana - Plantas medicinales Maravillosas Mexican site full of very good information - In spanish -

Elizabeth H.
Ludmilla Sadlier Thu Aug 31 2006
The information is very useful. I would like to ask a question, may be you can give me a hint? Abies Sibirica tree has many uses in medicine and I would be very grateful if anybody can advise me how and to who can I export valuable resin from Abies Sibirica trees, which I can deliver from Siberia. Any information will be really appreciated. My email ludmillasadlier@hotmail.com
Elizabeth H.
Pedro Tue Jul 14 2009

Diccionario online de las plantas medicinales Completo diccionario de plantas medicinales con mas de 2000 referencias

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