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Abies mariesii - Mast.
                 
Common Name
Family Pinaceae
USDA hardiness 5-9
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Cool wet mountainsides in C. and S. Japan[58, 200] at elevatios of 600 - 2600 metres[275]..
Range E. Asia - Japan.
Edibility Rating  
Other Uses  
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating  
Care
Fully Hardy Moist Soil Full shade Semi-shade Full sun

Summary

Abies mariesii


http://ja.wikipedia.org/wiki/???:S64
Abies mariesii
   
Physical Characteristics
 icon of manicon of cone
Abies mariesii is an evergreen Tree growing to 20 m (65ft) by 10 m (32ft) at a slow rate.
It is hardy to zone (UK) 6 and is not frost tender. It is in leaf 12-Jan, and the seeds ripen in October. The flowers are monoecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but both sexes can be found on the same plant) and are pollinated by Wind.Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and can grow in heavy clay soil. Suitable pH: acid and neutral soils. It can grow in full shade (deep woodland) semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist soil.

Synonyms
Habitats
Woodland Garden Canopy;
Edible Uses
None known
Medicinal Uses
Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.



None known
Other Uses
Wood.

Wood - strong, light, straight grained, polishes well. Used for construction, pulp, utensils etc[61].
Cultivation details
Prefers a good moist but not water-logged soil[1]. Grows well in heavy clay soils. Very shade tolerant, especially when young, but growth is slower in dense shade[81]. Intolerant of atmospheric pollution[1]. Prefers slightly acid conditions down to a pH of about 5[200]. Prefers growing on a north-facing slope[200]. A very ornamental tree[1]. It is rather slow growing in Britain[11, 81] with less than 30cm per year increase in height being the average[185]. New growth is susceptible to damage by late frosts and so it should be given a position that is shaded from early morning sun[185]. It grows best in the Perthshire valleys of Scotland[11]. Trees should be planted into their permanent positions when they are quite small, between 30 and 90cm in height. Larger trees will check badly and hardly put on any growth for several years. This also badly affects root development and wind resistance[200]. The flowers are produced in axils of the previous year's shoots[275]. Plants are strongly outbreeding, self-fertilized seed usually grows poorly[200]. They hybridize freely with other members of this genus[200].
Propagation
Seed - sow early February in a greenhouse or outdoors in March[78]. Germination is often poor, usually taking about 6 - 8 weeks[78]. Stratification is said to produce a more even germination so it is probably best to sow the seed in a cold frame as soon as it is ripe in the autumn[80, 113]. The seed remains viable for up to 5 years if it is well stored[113]. When large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on for at least their first winter in pots. Plant them out into their permanent positions in late spring or early summer, after the last expected frosts. Alternatively, if you have sufficient seed, it is possible to sow in an outdoor seedbed. One report says that it is best to grow the seedlings on in the shade at a density of about 550 plants per square metre[78] whilst another report says that they are best grown on in a sunny position[80].
Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status
IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :
Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
Abies albaSilver Fir, Christmas Tree Fir, European Silver Fir, Silver23
Abies amabilisRed Fir,Pacific silver fir12
Abies balsameaBalsam Fir35
Abies cephalonicaGrecian Fir00
Abies concolorColorado Fir, White fir02
Abies delavayi 00
Abies firmaMomi Fir, Japanese Fir10
Abies fraseriShe Balsam, Fraser fir, Southern Balsam Fir13
Abies grandisGrand Fir, Giant Fir, Lowland White Fir22
Abies homolepisNikko Fir00
Abies lasiocarpaSubalpine Fir, Alpine Fir22
Abies magnificaCalifornian Red Fir, Shasta red fir00
Abies nordmannianaCaucasian Fir, Christmas Tree Fir, Nordmann00
Abies pindrowWest Himalayan Fir00
Abies proceraNoble Fir01
Abies recurvata 00
Abies religiosaSacred Fir01
Abies sachalinensisSakhalin Fir00
Abies sibiricaSiberian Fir01
Abies spectabilisHimalayan Fir02
Abies squamataFlaky Fir00
Abies veitchiiVeitch Fir, Christmastree00
Abies veitchii sikokiana 00
Picea abiesNorway Spruce21
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Expert comment
 
Author
Mast.
Botanical References
1158200
Links / References
For a list of references used on this page please go here
Readers comment
 
Elizabeth H.
Murat Kara Wed Apr 21 07:37:29 2004
Common name:Maris Fir
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Subject : Abies mariesii  

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